Afghanistan War, 2001 To……
The war in Afghanistan began on October 7, 2001, as the armed forces of the United States, United Kingdom, and the Afghan United Front launched “Operation Enduring Freedom” in response to the September 11 attacks on the United States, with the goal of dismantling the Al-Qaeda terrorist organization and it’s use of Afghanistan as a base of operations. The U. S. also said that it would remove the Taliban from power and create a democratic state.
In the first phase of “Operation Enduring Freedom”, ground forces of the Afgan United Front working with U.S. and British Special Forces and with massive U. S. air support, ousted the Taliban regime from power in Kabul and most of Afghanistan in a matter of weeks.
The International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) was established by the UN Security Council at the end of December 2001 and NATO assumed control of ISAF in 2003. With the U.S. providing 90,000 troops and NATO members providing approximately 43,000.
The democratic Islamic Republic of Afghanistan was established and a democratically elected government under Hamid Karzai was elected in 2004.
Since 2006, Afghanistan has experienced a dramatic increase in Taliban-led insurgent activity. In their campaign the Taliban also target the civilian population of Afghanistan in terrorist attacks. The Afghanistan Independent Human Right Commission called the Taliban’s terrorism against the Afghan civilian population a war crime.
On December 1, 2009, President Barack Obama announced that he would deploy an additional 30,000 U.S. troops, bringing our total to about 120,000. He also set a withdrawal date for the year of 2014 ( a 13 year war, if it happens).
Following the additional troops, the Defense Department spending has increased to $6.7 Billion dollars a month. American casualties up to July 2010 are 1,075 combat deaths, 278 non-combat deaths, 6,141 wounded and I missing.